Potsherd hunting has done considerable damage to the Paria Plateau’s archeological resources. In one of the few cases to be investigated, a potsherd hunter excavated and looted 34 pits and trenches in two large prehistoric sites.

Off-road vehicles continue to pose a considerable threat to the Monument’s wildlife, archaeology, vegetation, and tranquility. A network of primitive roads beckons off-road enthusiasts and continues to impact the area’s cultural and natural resources. Existing paved, fenced highways may block wildlife movement, particularly pronghorn antelope.

Water development has altered or destroyed the ecological integrity of springs and ecosystems along the east and southeast flanks of the Paria Plateau. Livestock grazing, trampling, and trailing degrade vegetation—including the threatened Brady pincushion cactus—soils, and site stability.